Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanocytes in the skin produce more melanin in concentrated areas. Though there are several reasons why this occurs, it is far more common in those with darker skin tones.
What Causes Hyperpigmentation?
There are usually two reasons why this occurs: injury to the skin and acne. Injuries can be as simple as a broken blood vessel or capillary under the surface of the skin. This causes the skin to jump into high gear, overproducing melanin in the area where the injury occurred. This resulting overproduction leaves a visible dark area on the skin.
The other cause for melanin overproduction is acne. Because acne is a small skin infection with localized swelling, a dark spot can be left where a pimple occurred, even if it has not been popped. This can be extremely frustrating because, well, just about everyone gets pimples from time to time. If you are prone to dark spots, try to leave blemishes alone, as messing with them will only make the dark spots worse.
Use Sunscreen Every Day
A broad spectrum SPF applied daily is highly recommended for everyone, including those with darker skin tones. The reason is because melanin is more prevalent in African American skin (that’s what decides whether someone is light-, medium, or dark-toned). Melanin is also produced in the skin when it is exposed to the sun; that’s how skin gets tanned.
When sunscreen is skipped, any melanin in the skin (including hyperpigmentation spots) will only get darker. Since no one is exempt from skin cancer, using sunscreen will benefit the skin by preventing skin cancer and dark spots.
Use the Right Product Ingredients
If you suffer from acne and dark spots, prescription strength retinol is the preferred ingredient. This vitamin A derivative can help stop new acne from forming while also helping to fade existing dark spots. Retinoids help increase cell turnover in the skin, leading to fewer blocked pores and less acne. It also helps to fade dark spots because it has anti-inflammatory effects. Skin cream with hydroquinone is also extremely effective at fading existing dark spots.
Acne spot treatment containing benzoyl peroxide is quite effective at helping acne to clear up quickly as soon as it appears. Exfoliating ingredients such as salicylic acid and glycolic acid can also help keep the pores clear by preventing dead skin cells, dirt, and oil from accumulating in the pores (blackheads).
Hyperpigmentation & Anti-Aging Treatment at James Christian Cosmetics
When it comes to looking your best at every age, James Christian Sardelli, RPA-C has the experience and skills necessary to give you beautiful skin.
Visit one of his locations in Manhattan or Long Island: NYC, Babylon Village, Rockville Centre, West Sayville, Farmingdale, Commack, Islip, and Westhampton Beach.
His 24/7 Cosmetic Concierge line is (917) 860-3113. Call today to make your first appointment and see for yourself why his clients boast about their 5-star results.